Challenge Young Israel
Challenge for young Finnish adults summer 2019
Finland / Israel
Come and have a challenges everyday in Israel - with the one and only Kings kids Jerusalem. You will meet the members in this trip and have challenges with them! You may meet young leaders also on february in Finland and also Ruut Ben-Yosef, the head leader of the group.
Make yourself familiar whats going to happen during the Challenge! The tasks will be told when you come, but be ready to have good shoes, lots of drinks and be brave! Challenges are somewhat suprising and different kind every day!
Some basics from Israel - written by Taryn Kauppi, an Israel citicen living in Finland
Tel - aviv
Tel Aviv, was
established in 1909 as part of the fulfillment of
the Zionist vision and the desire to establish the first Hebrew city.
In 1906 Akiva
Aryeh Weiss, an architect and city planner,
suggested to the Jews that wanted to improve their living conditions to buy land together and build a modern Hebrew city
on the Western European model of the end of the 19th century.
This initiative was implemented in 1909 in an association called Ahuzat Bayit, whose name was eventually changed to Tel Aviv. The distribution of lots to the founding families, which later became known as the "seashell lottery," was a romantic play in today's terms.
Tel Aviv's first houses were small and surrounded by fruit trees. During these years, the first high school and music school were established, and the first famous streets of the city, Herzl Street and Rothschild Boulevard were conquered in the sands.
On 17 November 1917, Tel Aviv was conquered by the British army and from 1921 the city began to grow. That year. The wave of immigration that arrived in Israel during those years gave a boost to the city when the immigrants, mainly wealthy bourgeoisie who preferred the settlement in the city to the agricultural ones, set up cultural institutions, such as cinemas and coffee houses, and initiated cultural events such as the Book Day.
In the 1930s, the drums of war are starting to roar in Europe. The rapidly deteriorating situation of the Jews of Europe brought with them a mass influx of Jews who wanted to escape from a difficult situation. Among the immigrants were native-born students who went to study in Europe and completed architecture studies in Germany, Poland and Austria. They came to Israel carrying the news of the modern movement that was common in Europe in the 1920s and established the international building style (the Bauhaus) that we all know today as "the white city" Between 1937 and 1931, 2,700 buildings of this type were built in the city (out of about 4,000 existing in the city), leading to the declaration of Tel Aviv by UNESCO in 2003.
Not long ago Tel Aviv became a leading city in the Hebrew settlement: opened commercial and industrial buildings, seaport and airport, developed a tourism industry with the construction of hotels and hosted the games Maccabiah. Tel Aviv and its cafes, such as the legendary "Kassit", have become a magnet for Tel Aviv bohemians and intellectuals such as Natan Alterman, Avraham Shlonsky, Leah Goldberg, Hanna Rubina and Alexander Penn.
In 1948, the city had 150,000 inhabitants and was chosen to place the new Jewish state on its independence, a declaration that took place at the old Tel Aviv Museum on Rothschild Boulevard, which was then the home of Mayor Meir Dizengoff. In the early 1950s, Jaffa and Tel Aviv were united into one city that became the second most important city in the country, after Jerusalem.
Tiberias is a
city in the northern region of Israel, on the western
coast of the Sea of Galilee.
founded around the year 20 CE by Herod Antipas,
and was named after the Roman Emperor Tiberius.
The Jerusalem Talmud was mostly composed in Tiberias and signed there. Archaeological excavations in the hotel area revealed the colonnaded street, the bathhouse, the southern entrance gate of the city, residential buildings, streets and testimony to the stadium and theater. A aqueduct led the waters of Nahal Yavne'el to the city, and a long wall that included Mount Berenice from the west was built during the Byzantine period.
In the early Islamic period, the inventors of the common Hebrew punctuation.
On January 1, 1837, the city was mostly destroyed by a strong earthquake. Most of the walls of the city collapsed and hundreds of its residents perished.
Tiberias is one of the four holy cities (together with Jerusalem, Safed and Hebron), where most of the members of the Old Yishuv were concentrated in the 19th century.
Tiberias is a tourist city among the most successful in Israel. There are dozens of hotels in the city. Most of Tiberias's tourism is from Europe, but also from Israel. The tourist attractions are Lake Kinneret, the burial sites and the new promenade.
The tourists from abroad are mostly Christians who come to Lake Kinneret, whose faith says that Jesus walked on the water, and on the Tiberias Promenade you can find products related to this subject.
In Tiberias you can find The tomb of Rabbi Yochanan ben Zakkai, the grave of Rabbi Meir Baal Haness and the graves of many Amoraim are among them the graves of the great Rabbi Akiva and next to him the grave of Rabbi Moshe Chaim Luzzatto. The Tiberias Sea of Galilee is mentioned in the writings of the Sages and is known to have medicinal properties dating back to ancient times.The Sea of Galilee is mentioned in the midrashim as "the Sea of Tiberias." The height of the Old City is 200 meters below sea level, but there are areas that are 200 meters above sea level, One of the only cities, the difference between two neighborhoods is 400 meters.
According to the
Bible, the city was conquered by King David
around the 12th century BCE and became the capital of his kingdom.
And King Solomon built his first Temple there.
In 598 BC the Kingdom of Judah was conquered by the Babylonian Empire, and the Persian Empire supported the return of the Israelites to the Land of Israel and the establishment of autonomy for them.
In 332 BCE, the Land of Israel was conquered by the armies of Alexander the Great and the Hellenistic period began in the Land of Israel, but the relationship between the Jews and the Greek authorities deteriorated in the struggle for the dominant culture, and in 167 BCE the Hasmonean revolt broke out, Israel by the Roman army in 63 BC.
In 66 AD, the Great Revolt broke out against the Romans, and in 69, began its suppression by the Roman army led by Titus; Jerusalem was conquered and burned in 70 and the Temple was destroyed. Emperor Hadrian, who rebuilt it as a Roman city called Aelia Capitolina.
During the reign of Emperor Constantine, ruler of the Byzantine Empire, which included the Land of Israel, the city developed, and the Church of the Holy Sepulcher and many other churches were established during the 4th century.
In 636, the Muslim conquerors entered Jerusalem. Omar ibn al-Khattab replaced the Al-Aqsa mosque and the Dome of the Rock, which ended in 691.
In 1099 the Crusaders conquered Jerusalem during the First Crusade, after a heavy siege imposed on its gates. They massacred its Muslim and Jewish residents.
In 1187 he conquered the city of Saladin, who immigrated from Egypt with his armies. Jerusalem was under Mamluk rule from 1260 until 1516.
In 1517 the city was conquered by the armies of the Ottoman Empire. Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent built the walls of Jerusalem known today, and renovated the Citadel and the Tower of David. During the 18th century, the interest of the European powers in the Middle East and the Land of Israel increased. The population grew, including the Jewish settlement, and began to leave the city surrounded by walls to new neighborhoods built outside them
In 1917, during the First World War, the city was occupied by the British army. The British established a military and then civilian government, the British Mandate period, and continued until 1948,
On June 5, 1967, the Six-Day War broke out, and together with Judea and Samaria, the Old City moved to the rule of the IDF and the State of Israel.
Jerusalem is sacred to the three major religions that grew in the Middle East: Judaism, Christianity, Islam. And therefore includes relatively large concentrations of each religion. The members of the various religions generally used to sit in separate quarters in the city.